Health Belief Model
Developed in the '50s, the Health Belief Model is one of the most widely used and recognized models to solve practical health problems. The model gives us a lens to examine how and why we make the health decisions that we do.
By looking at how we make health decisions, we can use that to positively influence how we make decisions and set goals in the future. I'll try to give a brief explanation of the reasoning behind it. With this model there is also a slight assumption that avoiding chronic disease and earlier death rates serves as a motivator for health decisions.
Perceived Susceptibility-if we don't choose the correct or appropriate health decision (i.e. eating vegetables, walking more, etc.)...how likely is it that we will suffer the consequences (weight gain, increased risk for cancers, etc).
Perceived Risk-how severe. In this case if we don't choose the correct or appropriate health decision how severe will the consequences be (diabetes, death, chronic disease, etc)?
Perceived Benefits-what positive benefits or outcomes might we experience if we choose the correct or appropriate health decision.
Perceived Barriers-what things stand in your way when it comes to being successful with the intended behavior? Examples-having to travel to a gym, and pay for a membership. Pain or injury, lack of knowledge, etc.
What is this significance of this? What does it mean? My first takeaway is that we have multiple lens or take into account multiple factors when contemplating a health decision. Second, is that all these are based on perception-meaning we can positively change that perception or belief thru education. Last, understanding positive benefits and accounting for barriers are key in achieving behavior change.
Armed with all of this...have a plan for setting goals, give time to make great health decisions, and account for some small set backs along the way.